National Manufacturing Innovation Survey (NMIS) 2021-22

National Manufacturing Innovation Survey (NMIS) 2021-22

        DST :             FAPCCI :  
     FTCCI :                 ISF :     
      MCCI :            PHDCCI :   


The National Manufacturing Innovation Survey (NMIS) 2021-22, a joint initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and UNIDO, aimed to assess the innovation performance of manufacturing firms in the India.

NMIS 2021-22 is a follow-up to the National Innovation Survey 2011 by DST, and combines the approaches of the Oslo 2018 manual, the international guideline for measuring innovation; and UNIDO's methodology for measuring 'system of innovation'.

The study adopted a two-pronged approach, assessing innovation at the firm-level, as well as the sectorial system of innovation in five key sectors: automotive, textiles, pharmaceuticals, ICT and food and beverages. A total of 8,087 firms participated in the firm-level survey, while 5,488 firms and non-firms participated in the SSI survey.

The findings of the assessment serve as a valuable resource to policymakers, researchers and practitioners, by highlighting enabling factors and barriers to innovation in manufacturing, and provides insights on how the innovation ecosystem may be strengthened. The analysis and recommendations of these reports could be leveraged to further strengthen national and sectoral policies and initiatives.


The survey comprised two main components:

  1. The firm-level innovation survey: The survey assessed 8,087 micro, small, medium and large firms, across 54 sectors and all States/UTs. The assessment comprised key innovation dimensions related to the product system, product performance, business process, structure, network, profit model, customer engagement, brand, channel and service. Innovation inputs (resources and capabilities), activities (supported by resources), outputs (resulting from activities), and innovation outcomes (relating to objectives) that are related to each of the innovation dimensions are covered in the questionnaire. This survey will cover 58 classified manufacturing and related services sectors as per the National Industrial Classification (NIC) 2008.
  2. The sectorial innovation survey: The survey assessed 4,738 firms and 750 non-firm actors in 5 sectors: Food & beverages; Textiles & apparel; Pharmaceutical; Automotive; and ICT. The SSI study measured the extent and nature of interactions between stakeholders of the innovation ecosystem, as well as the convergence or divergence of current policy instruments in these five key manufacturing sectors. Key non-firm actors assessed included government, universities, industry, financial institutions and arbitrageurs, as well as institutions supporting technical change.

Achievements and way forward

  • The Firm-level survey deployed 3 key dimensions to assess innovation in manufacturing firms: enablers, barriers, and performance. These three dimensions were then used to formulate the Indian Manufacturing Innovation Index (IMII) 2022, as a framework to assess State-wise innovation performance.
  • Detailed reports capturing the analysis of firm-level innovation data and sectoral innovation assessments for each of the five sectors have been produced, and can be accessed at:
  • A summary report with insights for policy makers has also been developed, which highlights the importance of making innovation a strategic objective for manufacturing development; prioritizing and investing sectoral systems of innovations and supporting pre-competitive collaborative industry research and innovation. The report can be accessed at:

Final Reports


  1. Department of Science and Technology (DST)
  2. Industry associations: the Federation of Telangana Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FTCCI); the Federation of Andhra Pradesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FAPCCI); the Madras Chamber of Commerce (MCCI); the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI); the India SME Forum (ISF).


Nov 2019 - Mar 2023