UNIDO in India

UNIDO in India

UNIDO is the specialized agency of the United Nations with a unique mandate to promote and accelerate sustainable industrial and economic development.

UNIDO’s mandate is to promote and accelerate inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in its developing country Member States. Accordingly, the Organization’s programmatic focus is structured in four strategic priorities: (i) creating shared prosperity, (ii) advancing economic competitiveness, (iii) safeguarding the environment, and (iv) strengthening knowledge and institutions. These programmatic fields of activity contain diverse individual programmes, which are implemented through UNIDO’s four functions: (i) technical cooperation; (ii) analytical, research and policy advisory services; (iii) normative functions and standards and quality-related activities; and (iv) convening and partnerships for knowledge transfer, networking and industrial cooperation.

India is one of UNIDO’s Founding Members and hosts one of UNIDO’s largest technical cooperation programmes. UNIDO’s long term technical cooperation experience spans over five decades in India, and is aligned with key initiatives of the Government of India, currently including, amongst others, Make in India, Skill India, Swachh Bharat, Start-up India and most recently, Atmanirbhar Bharat.

UNIDO’s activities are currently guided by the UNIDO India Country Programme (CP) (2018-2022), which serves as the framework for its interventions, aligned with national priorities. It aims to contribute to the transition to inclusive and sustainable industrial development in India. The projects and programmes under the CP aim to support factories and manufacturing enterprises to produce competitive and quality goods that are sought after in domestic and/or international markets, adopt resource efficient and low carbon production methods and provide decent work and development opportunities for workers and other stakeholders. The CP is particularly aimed at advancing the following four key results areas (KRAs):

  • Productive and resilient Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs);
  • Solutions for climate, resources and environment;
  • Inclusive and responsible value chains and business; and
  • Strategic policy for industrial transformation.


Industrialization drives economic growth, creates job opportunities and thereby reduces poverty. However, it is important to consider that the full potential of industrialization can only be realized when industry's environmental footprint is minimized and the creation of decent jobs and incomes and livelihoods for all that contribute to or are affected by industry is supported.

Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development can be conceptualized as establishment of a thriving manufacturing sector that works for markets, the environment and climate as well as for people and communities.

The three facets of inclusive and sustainable industrial development are:

  1. Economic:
    Manufacturing firms are able to access and effectively cater to demand from diverse markets.
  2. Environmental:
    Industrial activities are decoupled from excessive natural resource use and negative environmental impacts
  3. Social:
    Equal opportunities and an equitable distribution of the benefits of industrialization to all stakeholders.

The concept of inclusive and sustainable industrial development has been recognised as a core part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly in SDG 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation, but is also inextricably linked to other SDGs related to water, energy, employment and economy, cities, environment and climate, and partnerships and governances (included under SDGs 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 17).
Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development (ISID) is the mission of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). UNIDO is the specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability. The organization's programmatic focus is structured in four strategic priorities: (i.) Creating shared prosperity; (ii) Advancing economic competitiveness; (iii) Safeguarding the environment; and (iv) Strengthening knowledge and institutions.

The concept of ISID is very much aligned with the strategic priorities of the Government of India. Policies, missions and initiatives of the Government of India, such as Make in India, Skill India, Smart Cities, Swachh Bharat (Clean India Mission), Start-up India and Atmanirbhar Bharat (Self-reliant India), among many others, represent the need for establishing a dynamic manufacturing sector that contribute to economic growth, generate employment and preserve the environment, by providing an enabling ecosystem that makes industries more competitive and innovative.

Read More


  • Business resilience: Toolkits for MSMEs to overcome disruptions in business and future-proof operations
  • Sector-specific competitiveness: Technology transfer and capacity building for productivity enhancement and innovation in specific sectors.
  • Environmental sustainability / Energy and environment: Adoption of resource efficiency and cleaner production technologies.
  • Industrial policy frameworks: Inputs to policy frameworks and supportive ecosystems.
  • Partnerships: Engagements and dialogue with government, private sector, technical and civil society stakeholders.
  • South-South Cooperation: Transfer: facilitating transfer and adoption of ISID solutions from India to other developing countries.